The island of Rhodes is found in the crossroad of two major sea routes of the Mediterranean, between the Aegean sea and the coasts of Middle East such as Cyprus and Egypt. Rhodes has known a lot of cultures. Its strategic position brought to the island great wealth and made the city of Rhodes one of the leading cities of ancient Greece. Rhodes is the largest island of the Dodecanese. It is the capital of the Prefecture, having in its center the medieval town, which in 1988 was recognized as a World Heritage City. The medieval city is a mixture of different architectures belonging to various historical periods, namely the period of the Order of the Knights Hospitaller and that of the Ottomans. Today, it is a living piece of modern city that includes commercial, tourist and recreational activities as well as residential areas.